Learn how to ask a clinical Question
You have concern or problem relating to patient care or your work environment. You want to know if there is a better way to do things. You will need to develop a clinical question to begin your evidence-based practice journey.
Getting Started With EBP
You don't need to take this journey alone-- to start with, you should identify a mentor to help you along the way. A mentor is a person who is experienced in evidence-based practice and can guide you through the process. Who should you ask?
In the practice of evidence-based nursing, the most common way of framing a clinical question is called "PICO". The PICO format helps you to define specific, answerable question that will lead to relevant results when you search the medical literature.
FOREGROUND VS. BACKGROUND QUESTIONS
Your clinical question will either be a foreground or a background question.
What's the difference?
PICO questions are foreground questions.
They are asked to inform clinical decisionmaking.
Major types of foreground clinical questions
Clinical Question Templates
These fill-in-the-blank templates can help you formulate a good foreground question.
In ___________ , what is the effect of ________________on _______________ compared with _______________?
Are ______________ who have _______________ at ______________ risk for/of ____________ compared with _____________ with/without ______________?
DIAGNOSIS OR DIAGNOSTIC TEST
Are (Is) ________________ more accurate in diagnosing _______________ compared with __________?__?
For ___________ does the use of _________________ reduce the future risk of ____________ compared with ______________?
Does ____________ influence ______________ in patients who have _____________?
How do _______________ diagnosed with _______________ perceive __________________?
Examples of PICO Clinical Questions